While human rights in the West are profounded on the basis of individualism, in Asia it is increasingly profounded on the basis of rights of the community as against the state. The states' attempt to gain complete control on the community is resisted by the communities by way of assertion of the rights of its members. While the state repression often takes a mass character, retaliation against such repression too takes a mass character. The states' strategies for mass repression is based on the character of states during the colonial times, during revolutions, during the past histories of authoritarian rule which prevailed almost in all parts of the region and on some modern strategies of development. Many states have resorted to very extreme forms of violence to gain such complete control over community. Redefining of legitimate areas of control and the extent of community's rights and freedom have been assigned to the sphere of human rights. The exercise of this function is often undertaken by courts, parliaments, commissions of various sorts, by the press, NGOs and other community organizations. International organizations too plays very active role in attempting to liberate the community from measures sort by the state to enforce complete control over community.